For high rise building, the dimension of water tank along with drawings are provided from architect office.
But for small residential building, we need to calculate by itself. In this article, we will discuss how to calculate rectangular water tank size and capacity.
Volume of Water Requirement:
As per IS code, a person needs 135 litres water per day for daily use.
Drinking – 5 Litre
Cooking – 5 litres
Bathing and Toilet – 85 litres
Washing clothes and Utensils – 30 litres
House Cleaning – 10 litres
Calculation Of tank Size and Capacity:
We will calculate for a typical family having 4 members.
Total water requirement = 135 x 4 = 540 litres
To calculate the size of water tank we must know any one of the following:
Length or width or depth of the tank.
From the formula of volume of water
1 m3 = 1000 litres
1 litre = 0.001 m3
We are requiring 540 litre water
∴ 540 litres = 0.54 m3
Let us assume the depth of water tank is 0.6 m.
∴ Area of tank = 0.54/0.6 = 0.9 m2
L x B = 0.9 m2
Now if you know the length or breadth you can put the value on the above formula.
otherwise, take the length as 2 times of B.
∴ L = 2B
2B x B = 0.9 m2
B2 = 0.45
B = 0.67
∴ L = 2 x 0.67 = 1.34 m
So For 540 litre water tank size
Length (L) = 1.34 m
Breatdh (B) = 0.67 m
Depth (D) = 0.6 m